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2019年江西成考高起点《历史》简单试题及答案二

2019-05-24 17:07:29   来源:江西成考网    点击:
作者:易老师

  距离2019年10月的成考已经不远了,想要报考和已经报考的考生需要复习起来了,下面是江西成考网整理的高起点《历史》简单试题及答案,供学习。

  江西成考《历史》简答题练习及答案:

  1.JIANSHU1949NIANZHONGGUORENMINZHENGZHIXIESHANGHUIYIZHAOKAIDEZHENGZHI、JUNSHIBEIJINGJIHUIYIDEZHUYAONEIRONG,BINGPINGSHUHUIYIZHAOKAIDEZHONGYAOYIYI。(12FEN)

  DAAN:(1)BEIJING:ZHENGZHISHANG:1949NIAN3YUEZHAOKAIDEZHONGGONGQIJIEERZHONGQUANHUI,WEIDUOQUQUANGUOGEMINGDESHENGLIHEJIANSHEXINZHONGGUOZAIZHENGZHISIXIANGSHANGZUOLEZHUNBEI,JIEJUELEYOUXINMINZHUZHUYIGEMINGZHUANBIANWEISHEHUIZHUYIGEMINGDEZHONGDAWENTI。JUNSHISHANG:1949NIAN4YUE,RENMINJIEFANGJUNQUDEDUJIANGZUOZHANDESHENGLI,GONGZHANLENANJING,ZHISHIGUOMINDANGZHENGQUANFUMIE。1949NIAN9YUE,ZHONGGUORENMINZHENGZHIXIESHANGHUIYIZAIBEIPINGZHAOKAI。

彩788彩票投注  (2)ZHUYAONEIRONG:TONGGUOLE《GONGTONGGANGLING》,XUANJULEGUOJIALINGDAOREN,TONGGUOLEGUOQI、GUOGE、GUODOU。

  (3)意义:中国人民政治协商会议具有代行全国人民代表大会职权的作用。会议的召开,表明人民民主统一战线的巩固和扩大。《共同纲领》起了临时宪法的作用。
 

  2.YUEDUCAILIAO。HUIDAWENTI。(12FEN)

  CAILIAO

  NONGNUHAIYOUQUANSHUMAITAMENSUOJUZHUDEFANGWU,BINGZAIHUODEDIZHUTONGYIHOU,GOUMAIFENPEIJITAMENZHANGQISHIYONGDETUDIHEQITAFUSHUDIZUOWEISICHAN。NONGMINZHEIYANGHUODEYIDINGSHULIANGDETUDISICHANHOU,YINWEISHUMAILETUDI,TAMENJIUBAITUOLEDUIDIZHUDEYIWU,ERCHENGWEIYONGYOUSICHANDEWANQUANZIYOUDENONGMIN。

  ——ZHAIZI《JIEFANGNONGNUXUANYAN》

彩788彩票投注  (1)《XUANYAN》SHISHEIZAISHENMESHIHOUFABUDE?

  (2)YINWENZHONGTIDAODE“NONGMIN”YUANLAICHUYUSHENMEDIWEI?

  (3)TAMENYAOZENYANGZUOCAINENGHUODETUDI?

  DAAN:(1)YALISHANDAERSHI;1861NIAN。

  (2)NONGNUDIWEI。

  (3)交纳高额赎金。
 

彩788彩票投注  3.YUEDUCAILIAO,HUIDAWENTI。(12FEN)

  CAILIAO

  1929NIAN10YUE29RI,(NIUYUE)GUSHICHUXIANLEZAINANXINGDEFENGBAO,YITIANZHINEIPAOSHOULE1600DUOWANGU。

  DAO11YUE,NIUYUEGUSHIDEGEZHONGGUPIAOSUNSHIDA260DUOYIMEIYUAN。1933NIANCHU,MEIGUOYINXINGYIYOUBANSHUDAOBI,WANQUANSHIYERENSHUDADAO1500WANZHI1700WANREN。MEIGUODEJINGJIWEIJIHENKUAIYINFALEQITAZIBENZHUYIGUOJIADEJINGJIWEIJI。1930NIAN,YANZHONGYILAIMEIGUOZIBENDEDEGUOYEFASHENGJINGJIWEIJI,JIEZHE,YING、RIDENGGUOJINGJICHUXIANLEYANZHONGDESHUAITUI。1932NIAN,FAGUOJINGJIYEKAISHIXIAOTIAO。

彩788彩票投注  1929NIANZHI1938NIAN,ZHENGGEZIBENZHUYISHIJIEDEGONGYESHENGCHANXIAJIANGLE1/3YISHANG,GUOJIMAOYIEJIANSHAOLE2/3。

  ——ZHAIZI《SHIJIEXIANDAISHIZILIAO》

  (1)YIJUSHANGSHUCAILIAOZONGJIECICIJINGJIWEIJIDETEDIAN(BUDEZHAICHAOYUANWEN)。

彩788彩票投注  (2)GENJUNISUOZHANGWODEZHISHI,HUIDAMEIGUOSHIRUHEDUGUOWEIJIDE?(YAODACHUZAINAJIGEFANGMIANCAIQULENAXIECUOSHI)

  DAAN:(1)TEDIAN:FANWEIGUANG,XIJUANLEZHENGGEZIBENZHUYISHIJIE;SHEJIGEGEXINGYE,SHENGCHANWEIJIHEJINRONGXINYONGWEIJITONGSHIFASHENG。SHIJIANZHANG,CONG1929NIANDAO1933NIAN。POHUAIXINGQIANG,JINGJIWEIJIYINFAZHENGZHIWEIJI。

  (2)1932NIAN,FULANKELIN·LUOSIFUDANGXUANWEIMEIGUOZONGTONG。DIERNIAN,TAXUANBUSHISHI“XINZHENG”,CAIYONGGUOJIAGANYUJINGJIDEBANFALAIDUGUOJINGJIWEIJI。

彩788彩票投注  ①ZHENGDUNJINRONG:XIALINGQUANGUOYINXINGXIUYESITIAN,QINGKUANGLIANGHAODEKEZHONGXINKAIYE;QINGKUANGBUJIADEBEILELINGQINGPAN。CHENGLILIANBANGCUNKUANBAOXIANGONGSIYIBAOZHANGCUNKUANRENDECUNKUAN。

  ②DIAOZHENGNONGYE。ZHENGFURANGNONGMINSUOJIANGENGDIHETUZAIDAPISHENGCHU,YOUZHENGFUFUKUANBUCHANG。

  ③调整工业。根据国会通过的工业复兴法案,各行业的工业企业制订全行业遵守的公平经营规章。这个法案保障工人有权组织起来,通过自选代表同雇主进行谈判,签订集体合同,确定工人的最高工作时数和最低工资水平。根据这个法案,成立专门机构,进行公共建设工程,提供人民就业机会。
 

  4.JIANSHUZHONGGONGSHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIZHAOKAIDEBEIJING、HUIYIDEZHUYAONEIRONGJIQILISHIYIYI。(12FEN)

  DAAN:BEIJING:FENSUIJIANGQINGFANGEMINGJITUANHOU,DANGZHONGYANGHUIFULEDENGXIAOPINGDEZHIWU。GUONEIKAISHICHUXIANANDINGTUANJIEDEZHENGZHIJUMIAN,GUOMINJINGJIDEDAOCHUBUHUIFU。GUANYUZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIDETAOLUN,WEISHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIDEZHAOKAIDIANDINGLESIXIANGJICHU。ZHUYAONEIRONG:

彩788彩票投注  (1)QUANHUIQUEDINGLEJIEFANGSIXIANG、KAIDONGNAOJIN、SHISHIQIUSHI、 TUANJIEYIZHIXIANGQIANKANDEZHIDAOFANGZHEN;GAODUPINGJIALEZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIDETAOLUN。

  (2)GUODUANDITINGZHI“YIJIEJIDOUZHENGWEIGANG”DECUOWUFANGZHEN,JUEDINGBADANGHEGUOJIADEGONGZUOZHONGXINZHUANYIDAOJINGJIJIANSHESHANGLAI;QUANHUIHAIZUOCHUSHIXINGGAIGEKAIFANGDEWEIDAJUECE。

  (3)JUEDINGBOLUANFANZHENG,BINGSHENCHAHEJIEJUEDANGNEIYIPIZHONGDAYUANJIACUOAN,YIJIYIXIEZHONGYAOLINGDAORENDEGONGGUOSHIFEIWENTI。

  意义:十一届三中全会是新中国成立以来党的历史上具有深远意义的伟大转折。它标志着中国历史进入社会主义现代化建设新时期。新时期的基本路线的思想也是在这次会议上开始形成的。
 

  5.YUEDUCAILIAO,HUIDAWENTI。(11FEN)

  CAILIAO

  JINRIHEYIJICHENG,ZHONGWAIMAOYIYOUWUJIAOTONG,GOUMAIWAIYANGQIWU,YOUSHUMINGZHENGYANSHUN,GOUCHENGZHIHOU,FANGMUTANSIZHISHI,ZHIQIAOZHIJIANG,SHIERYANXI,JIERZAO,BUGUOYIERNIAN,HUOLUNCHUANBIWEIZHONGWAIGUANMINTONGXINGZHIWU,KEYIJIAOFANIAN,KEYIQINYUANLVE。

彩788彩票投注  ——ZHAIZI《CENGWENZHENGGONGQUANJI》(1861NIAN)

  (1)CENGGUOFANWENZHONGJIANGDE“HEYI”ZHIDESHISHENME?YOUCENGGUOFANDENGRENFAQIDEZHEICHANGYUNDONGJIAOSHENME?CONGWENZHONGFENXIZHEICHANGYUNDONGDEMUDE。

  (2)JIANYAOLIECHUZHEICHANGYUNDONGDEQITAJIGEDAIBIAORENWU、SHIJIANJIZHUYAONEIRONG。

彩788彩票投注  (3)ZENYANGPINGJIAZHEICHANGYUNDONG?

  DAAN:(1)ZHIDIERCIYAPIANZHANZHENGJIESHUHOUQIANDINGDE《TIANJINTIAOYUE》HE《BEIJINGTIAOYUE》。YANGWUYUNDONG。ZHENYATAIPINGTIANGUOYUNDONG,WEIHUQINGCHAOFANDONGTONGZHI。

  (2)ZHONGYANG:YI?。DIFANG:LIHONGZHANG、ZHANGZHIDONG、ZUOZONGTANG。CONG19SHIJI60NIANDAIDAO90NIANDAI。QIANQIYIJUBANJUNSHIGONGYEWEIZHU,YOUCENGGUOFANDEANQINGNEIJUNXIESUO,LIHONGZHANGDEJIANGNANZHIZAOZONGJUDENG。HOUQIZAIJUBANJUNSHIGONGYEDETONGSHI,JUBANLEYIPIMINYONGGONGYE,YOULIHONGZHANGDESHANGHAILUNCHUANZHAOSHANGJU,ZHANGZHIDONGDEHANYANGTIECHANGDENG。JIANLIHAIJUN,DAO1888NIAN,LIHONGZHANGJIANGBEIYANGHAIJUNKUOCHONGWEIBEIYANGJIANDUI。JUBANXINSHIXUEXIAO,PAIQIANLIUXUESHENG。

  (3)洋务运动没有使中国走上富强的道路。但是,它引进了西方资本主义国家的一些近代科学生产技术,培养了一批科技人员和技术工人,在客观上刺激了中国资本主义的发展,对外国经济的扩张,也起到了一些抵制作用。同时,它也是中国近代化的开端。
 

彩788彩票投注  6.YUEDUCAILIAO,HUIDAWENTI。(11FEN)

  CAILIAO

  “SHIZUHUANGDIJIANYUANZHONGTONGYILAI,SHIMOQUGULAOZHURUZHIYAN,KAOQIUQIANDAIZHIDIAN,LICHAOTINGERJIANGUANFU,FUXIANGZHERI‘ZHONGSHUSHENG’,BENBINGZHERI‘SHUMIYUAN’,ZHUDANJIUZHERI‘YUSHITAI’……”

彩788彩票投注  “FUWAIZHIJUNXIAN,QICHAOTINGYUANZHE,ZEZHENZHIYIXINGZHONGSHUSHENG。……RUOYOUBIANXIZHISHIZHE,ZEZHIXUANWEISIYIDIEZHI。……JUCIZHISHI,ZEYOUYUSHITAILINGJIANCHAYUSHI、SUZHENGLIANFANGSIYIZHIZHI。”

彩788彩票投注  (1)CIWENJIZAIDESHINAYICHAODEZHIDU?

  (2)JUCAILIAOSHUOMING,JIANLIZHEIYIZHIDUDEZHUYAOYIJUSHISHENME?

彩788彩票投注  (3)YINWENZHONGDE“ZHONGSHUSHENG”HE“XINGZHONGSHUSHENG”SHISHENMEJIGOU?GEGUANXIASHENMEDIFANG?

  (4)SHIJUYILISHUOMINGYINWENZHONGDEZHIDUDUIHOUSHIDEYINGXIANG。

彩788彩票投注  DAAN:(1)YUANCHAO。

彩788彩票投注  (2)“QUGULAOZHURUZHIYAN,KAOQIUQIANDAIZHIDIAN”。

  (3)YUANCHAODEZHONGSHUSHENGSHIQUANGUOZUIGAOXINGZHENGJIGOU,TONGSHIGUANLIDADOUJILINJINDIQU。XINGZHONGSHUSHENGJIANCHENGXINGSHENG,SHISHENGYIJIDEZUIGAOXINGZHENGJIGOU,YOUZHONGYANGWEIPAIGUANLIGUANLI。

彩788彩票投注  (4)YUANDAIYIHOUDIFANGXINGZHENGQUYANYONGLE“SHENG”DEJIANZHI。

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